Neither Altruism, Nor Selfishness
Live for others, or for yourself? Such philosophical setup obscures other possibilities, such as living for one’s ideals. The dichotomy assumes that your ideal must embody one or the other – that the ideal is either governed by other people, in which case you would be living for the benefit of others, or that it is be governed wholly by you, in which case you would be living for yourself only. But what if one volunarily embraces the ideal of others, what if a community collectively embraces a mission that aims to pull every one of them upwards in concert, with a much greater speed and magnitude than each could accomplish on his own?
Voluntary participation is only possible when your values are reflected in that of the communal mission, when the success of the mission is of direct benefit to you, but the very nature of the mission being communal dispels the idea of participation in it being selfish. Yes, you may call this selfishness in the sense that everyone is pulling in the same direction for their own gain, but if we lift our gaze and look at the phenomenon as a whole, what would that be called if not a collective enterprise? From its conception, human civilization has been a collective enterprise, and its ills lie not on either side of the above dichotomy, but in forced ideals, beliefs and values, in the coercion of the will against itself and in the transgression of human rights.
Whether you call the workings of the collective enterprise selflessness or selfishness matters not a whit as long as the action is voluntary, as long as it is by choice, not by compulsion. The only difference between the two is that it is only under the banner of “selflessness” that man can force others to submit to his will – it would be absurd to tell someone that his actions are not selfish enough, but not so the other way around. The health of a nation or society can be measured in how freely its members embrace its ideals. Forced ideals sap energy, cripple willpower and retard progress – freely embraced ideals spark zeal, ignite passion and set in motion the wheels of civilization.